MiM quiz – Expert level / Education

Remember, this quiz is not about testing your knowledge about contemporary music. It's all about getting to know the four composers - their music, techniques, but also inspirations and private stories. We invite you to take on this challenge - discover the universe of four personalities and dive in into their music.

Composers and trends of music of the recent and distant past had a considerable influence on all four composers. Link a source of inspiration to a composer.

Igor Stravinsky

The affinity between Stravinsky’s and Louis Andriessen’s music is evidenced not only by the Dutch composer’s works but also by a book devoted to the Russian’s oeuvre which Louis Andriessen co-authored (The Apollonian Clockwork).

Bela Bartók

The impact of Bartók’s music can easily be discerned in Kazimierz Serocki’s oeuvre of the first half of the 1950s, for example, in his Sonata for piano.

Gregorian chant, early polyphony

To a large extent the style and techniques Arvo Pärt developed in the late 1960s and early 1970s were a result of his studies of Renaissance and late medieval polyphony, and Gregorian chant.

Anton Webern

The avant-garde of the 1950s, including Pierre Boulez, considered the music of Anton Webern to be its predecessor and model to be developed further.

Creative periods - Louis Andriessen

Which work by the composer is earlier? Which is later?

The earlier one should be indicated.

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Louis Andriessen’s music is often divided into pre- and post-De Staat (1972):

  1. Ittrospezione III (1965) – music that fits in well with the avant-garde of the 1960s.
  2. Excerpt from De Materie (first part) - its characteristic features include clear pulsation, repetitions, Stravinsky and jazz influences.

With whom did the four composers study?

Veljo Tormis

Arvo Pärt studied composition in Tallinn with e.g. Veljo Tormis, a composer known primarily for his choral compositions.

Luciano Berio

The eminent Italian composer Luciano Berio was young Louis Andriessen’s composition professor in 1962–1964.

Olivier Messiaen

In the same period, also in Paris, Olivier Messiaen conducted his famous analysis class – his broad horizons, unconventional interests and openness attracted many composers, including Pierre Boulez, who several years later became leading figures of the European avant-garde.

Nadia Boulanger

Nadia Boulanger (1887–1979) was a teacher of many outstanding composers, including Kazimierz Serocki, who in 1947–1948 explored the secrets of composing under her guidance thanks to a scholarship he had been granted.

Figures (from outside the world of music) important to the four composers:

Match the figure to a composer.

Jerzy Hoffman
Patrice Chéreau

In 1976, at the Wagner festival in Bayreuth, Pierre Boulez conducted Der Ring des Nibelungen in a production directed by Patrice Chéreau – to this day considered to be one of the best stagings of Wagner’s cycle.

Manfred Eicher

The most popular and exemplary recordings of Arvo Pärt’s music have been issued by the ECM label headed by Manfred Eicher.

Peter Greenaway

Peter Greenaway worked with Louis Andriessen on several musical-film and musical-stage projects (M is for Man, Music, Mozart; Rosa, Writing to Vermeer).

Creative periods - Kazimierz Serocki

Which work by the composer is earlier? Which is later?

The earlier one should be indicated.

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Concerto for Trombone is an example of neoclassicism, folklorism in Kazimierz Serocki’s music (1952–53); Fantasia elegiaca – of sonorism (1971–72).

In which example is the sound of instruments transformed electronically?

Choose one or more:

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Pierre Boulez – …explosante-fixe… for MIDI flute, two flutes, ensemble and electronics (1991–93).

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Louis Andriessen De Tijd for choir and orchestra (1980–81). Louis Andriessen sometimes used electronics, but the sophisticated colours and effects in the piece are achieved without electronics.

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Kazimierz SerockiPianophonie for piano with electronic transformation of sound and orchestra (1979).

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Arvo Pärt – Miserere (1989–92). Arvo Pärt did not use electronics, the reverberation is, of course, entirely natural.

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